Science Highlight




The Physics at High Angular resolution in Nearby GalaxieS (PHANGS) ALMA Survey


Team Website: http://phangs.org






PHANGS-ALMA is a survey of the molecular gas disks in 90 nearby galaxies that are typical of star-forming massive galaxies in the nearby universe. The survey resolves the molecular gas reservoir into individual molecular clouds and star-forming complexes that are the engines of star formation and galaxy evolution. The survey takes advantage of ALMA’s excellent mapping speed and sensitivity to the J=2-1 emission from the 12CO molecule, one of the best tracers of cold, star-forming gas. PHANGS-ALMA is the highest-quality, uniform survey of the resolved star-forming interstellar medium over nearby galaxies made to date. The PHANGS-ALMA data spectral line data cubes (position-position-frequency) and several derived products are detailed in the data delivery document.  This release of survey data for 74 galaxies provides data with a typical angular resolution of ~1.5″ (typically ~100 pc projected), and a typical point-source sensitivity of 6.2 mJy at a spectral resolution equivalent to 2.5 km/s.


PHANGS Project Summary

Project Code




The Role of Galactic Environment in GMC and Star Formation



Promoting Diversity: ISM Physics and Star Formation across Different Environments



How Does Cloud-Scale Physics Drive Galaxy Evolution?



100,000 Molecular Clouds Across the Main Sequence: GMCs as the Drivers of Galaxy Evolution

Schinnerer, Blanc, Hughes, Leroy, Rosolowsky, Schruba


Completing a Census of 50pc ISM and Star Formation Properties in Disk Galaxies



Canonical References

  • “PHANGS-ALMA: Arcsecond CO(2-1) Imaging of Nearby Star-Forming Galaxies” by Leroy, Schinnerer, et al. (2021), ApJS (ADS

  • “PHANGS-ALMA Data Processing and Pipeline” by Leroy et al. (2021), ApJS, (ADS)


Data Delivery

The data can be obtained in several ways. For data from each project, click on the project code in the table above.

Alternatively, the data for the Large Program can be downloaded from the fileservers at each of the ALMA executives:

  • download the full tarball (size: 52Gb) 
  • download individual files from the full tarball, organised in a directory structure which is visible here
    For each of the subdirectories found there one should first consult the README file to find out what each file in that subdirectory contains.


PHANGS Team Members

Gagandeep Anand, Ashley Barnes, Francesco Belfiore, Samantha Benincasa, Ivana Bešlić, Frank Bigiel, Guillermo A. Blanc, Mederic Boquien, Yixian Cao, Rupali Chandar, Jeremy Chastenet, Melanie Chevance, I-Da Chiang, Ilyes Choubani, Enrico Congiu, Daniel Dale, Sinan Deger, Jakob den Brok, Nelida Diaz Fernandez, Oleg Egorov, Cosima Eibensteiner, Eric Emsellem, Andres Escala, Christopher Faesi, Axel Garcia-Rodriguez, Jindra Gensior, Simon Glover, Kathryn Grasha, Brent Groves, Jonathan Henshaw, Cinthya Herrera, I-Ting Ho, Annie Hughes, Alex Hygate, Sarah Jeffreson, María Jesús Jiménez Donaire, Da Eun Kang, Jaeyeon Kim, Ralf Klessen, Eric Koch, Kathryn Kreckel, Diederik Kruijssen, Philipp Lang, Kirsten Larson, Ilin Lazar, Alexandra Le Reste, Janice Lee, Adam Leroy, James Lilly, Daizhong Liu, Laura Lopez, Josh Machado, Ness Mayker, Rebecca McElroy, Sharon Meidt, Angus Mok, Eric Murphy, Lukas Neumann, Joseph Nofech, Eve Ostriker, Hsi-An Pan, Ismael Pessa, Jerome Pety, Johannes Puschnig, Miguel Querejeta, Alessandro Razza, Ryan Rickards Vaught, Erik Rosolowsky, Toshiki Saito, Patricia Sanchez-Blazquez, Karin Sandstrom, Francesco Santoro, Amy Sardone, Fabian Scheuermann, Eva Schinnerer, Andreas Schruba, Kazimierz Sliwa, Mattia Sormani, Sophia Stuber, Jiayi Sun, Yu-Hsuan (Eltha) Teng, David A. Thilker, Jordan Turner, Leonardo Ubeda, Antonio Usero, Dyas Utomo, Jose Utreras, Schuyler Van Dyk, Stella Vješnica, Jacob Ward, Elizabeth Watkins, Brad Whitmore, Thomas G. Williams

The PHANGS-ALMA Data Reduction Team was led by Jerome Pety with members indicated above in italics.



Peer-reviewed publications related to this ALMA large program can be found on the PHANGS team web-page (link) and the PHANGS ADS library (link). A general public-oriented description is provided in the ESO messenger article (link). 


Acknowledging PHANGS Data

To acknowledge the use of PHANGS data, please cite both canonical references given above and add the following acknowledgments to the corresponding section of your paper:This paper makes use of the following ALMA data: 






ALMA is a partnership of ESO (representing its member states), NSF (USA) and NINS (Japan), together with NRC (Canada), MOST and ASIAA (Taiwan), and KASI (Republic of Korea), in cooperation with the Republic of Chile. The Joint ALMA Observatory is operated by ESO, AUI/NRAO and NAOJ. The National Radio Astronomy Observatory is a facility of the National Science Foundation operated under cooperative agreement by Associated Universities, Inc.


Additional Resources

More data products can be accessed via the PHANGS team website (link).